In just 10 years, 40% of the Dutch electricity demand will be covered by offshore wind power. Furthermore, the Dutch-German transmission system operator (TSO) TenneT will increase the German offshore grid connection capacity to 17GW by 2030. To meet these high ambitions, the TSCNET shareholder expands its current connection plans and additionally intends to implement a total of five 2GW offshore connections in the Dutch IJmuiden Ver wind energy area and in the German LanWin and BalWin areas. However, since such 2GW offshore grid connections do not yet exist, innovative project development is necessary.
The integration of 2GW offshore grid connections into the onshore grid requires a suitable certified cable system that operates at a voltage level of 525kV DC using extruded insulation types. TenneT has contracted a total of eight cable suppliers to develop these “next-level” submarine cables for the intended high-performance offshore connections. An extruded 525kV high voltage direct current (HVDC) cable system with a 2GW output is currently not implemented in any project worldwide and would thus set a new standard for the connection of offshore wind farms.
The new cable system is expected to reduce manufacturing and installation costs for the entire connection concept, including the HVDC offshore and onshore transformer stations. A reduction in dredging costs is also anticipated, as all cables can be laid in a single trench. Moreover, fewer offshore platforms and shore stations are required, resulting in lower emissions and environmental impact. The adoption of a 525kV 2GW grid concept is a logical step for TenneT after the installation of eight standard AC connections in the Netherlands. The TSO can already draw on extensive experience with DC projects in Germany.