Worldwide unique equipment for TransnetBW substation

18.07.2020

European transmission system operators (TSOs) respond to the increasing need for grid regulation – resulting from the growing share of volatile renewable energies and the proceeding shutdown of conventional power plants – with reactive power compensation measures, such as the installation of shunt reactors. Shunt reactors are absorbers of reactive power and support security of supply and system management by keeping the grid voltage within the specified range, especially during low load periods. They thus stabilise the power grids and increase the energy efficiency of the transmission system.

In the Stuttgart-Mühlhausen substation, TransnetBW, one of the four German TSOs, has commissioned a variable shunt reactor for reactive power compensation developed especially for the TSCNET shareholder. Up to now in the TransnetBW control area, shunt reactors have only been used in the 110kV grid. Compared to customary reactors, the new system provides a much more precise control of the grid voltage. The 360-tonne reactor has a control bandwidth of 50-250MVAr in 33 stages and a permanently permissible system voltage of 440kV. With these specifications, the Mühlhausen shunt reactor is not only a novelty for TransnetBW, but for the entire energy sector.

TransnetBW has commissioned a state-of-the-art shunt reactor in the Stuttgart-Mühlhausen substation (symbolic picture: Siemens)

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> See TransnetBW press information, in German (html)

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SVC for SINCRO.GRID in Konjsko

02.07.2020

As in many parts of Europe, the increasing integration of decentralised, volatile renewable energy sources has also led in Croatia and Slovenia to a lack of flexibility and reactive power. The two TSCNET shareholders HOPS, the transmission system operator (TSO) from Croatia, and ELES, the Slovenian TSO, react to this with their joint project SINCRO.GRID that also involves two distribution system operators (DSOs) from the respective countries. The European Project of Common Interest (PCI) aims to optimise the efficiency of the two national electricity transmission networks through advanced technologies and innovative data processing methods. These include compensation devices, a dynamic thermal rating system, a battery power storage system, and a virtual cross-border control centre.

The start of construction of a static VAR compensator (SVC) in the Dalmatian substation in Konjsko on 30 June represents another significant milestone in the implementation of SINCRO.GRID. This state-of-the-art compensation system will support HOPS in actively controlling the reactive power flows in the Croatian power grid. The ceremony to mark the construction start was attended by high-ranking representatives of the Croatian government and the energy companies involved.

In addition to the SVC in Konjsko, SINCRO.GRID comprises three further main elements in Croatia: a variable shunt reactor (VSR) in the Mraclin substation near Zagreb, which was commissioned in January 2020, another VSR in the Melina substation, which is scheduled to be commissioned at the end of 2020, and finally a joint Croatian-Slovenian virtual control centre. Tomislav Plavšić, President of the HOPS Management Board, describes the latter as a unique solution for coordinated voltage regulation on the entire territory of both countries. The principal task of the binational virtual centre is to integrate three devices each in Croatia and Slovenia for reactive power compensation into one common operation to fully exploit their synergy potential.

HOPS has commenced construction of a SVC as part of the SINCRO.GRID project in Konjsko (picture with Tomislav Plavšić in the foreground: HOPS)

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> See HOPS press release, in Croatian (html)
> Visit SINCRO.GRID website (html)

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HOPS commissions variable shunt reactor

22.01.2020

A further step for the successful implementation of the Croatian-Slovenian smartgrid project SINCRO.GRID has been taken. The European Project of Common Interest (PCI) aims at optimising the efficiency of the Croatian and Slovenian electricity transmission grids through the application of advanced technologies and innovative data processing methods and is carried out by the two TSCNET shareholders ELES, the Slovenian transmission system operator (TSO), and HOPS from Croatia.

At the beginning of December 2019, the ELES substation in Divača has been equipped with a variable shunt reactor, an effective compensation tool for reactive power control. Now HOPS has put the same technically advanced system into operation at its substation in Mraclin near Zagreb. With this, HOPS has concluded the first stage of SINCRO.GRID. After the implementation of additional measures and devices, including a static VAR compensator, the Croatian TSO will be able to actively manage the reactive power flows in the Croatian power grid. This will solve problems of overloads in the long term and thus have a positive effect on grid stability and security of supply for customers.

HOPS has commissioned a variable shunt reactor as part of the SINCRO.GRID project (picture: HOPS)

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> See HOPS press release, in Croatian (html)
> Visit SINCRO.GRID website (html)

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Variable shunt reactor for SINCRO.GRID

03.12.2019

The two transmission system operators (TSOs) and TSCNET shareholders ELES from Slovenia and HOPS from Croatia are cooperating in SINCRO.GRID. This cross-border smart grid initiative is coordinated by ELES and comprises in addition to the TSOs also two distribution system operators (DSOs) from both countries. The objective of the European Project of Common Interest (PCI) is to optimise the efficiency of the respective national transmission systems by means of advanced technologies and innovative data processing methods.

Since the substantial allocation of EU funding to SINCRO.GRID under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) programme in 2017, the project has made significant progress. A vital component of SINCRO.GRID is optimising and installing compensation devices for reactive power control, e.g. variable shunt reactors, which are used in high-voltage transmission systems for voltage stabilisation during load variations. Now the ELES substation in Divača in south-eastern Slovenia has been equipped with such a technically advanced device manufactured by Siemens in Austria. The assembly work is in full swing and is expected to be completed by 12 December. Preparatory work for commissioning will then commence immediately.

Another major component of SINCRO.GRID is a dynamic thermal rating system for power grid operating limits. The aim is to evaluate marginal capacities of transmission system components considering weather influences and thus to improve operational safety and utilisation of overhead lines and transformers. In addition to hard- and software in control centres, atmospheric measuring devices, which are installed directly at the pylons, are also part of the system. Corresponding tests of innovative weather stations are underway. Last week, the substructure for the weather station on the Kleče-Divača overhead line was field tested.

SINCRO.GRID advances technical innovations (picture: ELES)

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> See ELES press release (html)
> Visit SINCRO.GRID website (html)

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