DA/RE project: first retrievals of redispatch capacities

11.07.2019

The Baden-Württemberg grid security initiative “DA/RE” (“DAta exchange/REdispatch”) addresses the increasing volatility and decentralisation of power generation. The aim is to stabilise the entire electricity system by utilising the flexibility potential of decentralised generation units from lower grid levels. Originally launched in the summer of 2018 by TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, the German transmission system operator (TSO) from the state of Baden-Württemberg, and the southwest German distribution system operator (DSO) Netze BW, the project consortium was later expanded so that a total of three DSOs and four other partners from the areas of virtual power plants, home storage and energy trading were involved in the first DA/RE pilot phase from April to June 2019.

During this phase, the participants have defined and developed the method of data exchange and coordination. Following this successful implementation process, the first retrievals from pilot plants in the distribution network for redispatch purposes have now been initiated. Capacities were retrieved from battery home storage facilities, several biogas plants, a waste incineration plant and a cogeneration plant. The tests therefore involved both medium-voltage and low-voltage systems and the project partners have demonstrated that it is possible and important to make use of all flexibilities at all voltage levels for grid stabilisation.

“The retrievals from systems in the distribution network constitute a significant milestone for us, as they show that the concept is feasible and we are now able to gain initial experience in terms of practical suitability,” explains DA/RE project manager Florian Gutekunst from TransnetBW. The second stage of the pilot phase has thus begun. Further retrievals are now being carried out and various application cases are being tested. In concrete terms, the issue is how grid operators can trigger the retrieval of redispatch measures in a coordinated manner and how the information chain should be designed in order to guarantee all parties involved at all voltage levels complete transparency about the retrieval and the capacity provided. In the following third step, the retrievals are to be automated and the corresponding data paths implemented.

First retrievals of redispatch capacities have been carried out in the pilot phase of the DA/RE project (picture showing a scene from electricity trading: Next Kraftwerke)

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> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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Connect+ for data exchange

14.06.2019

The four German transmission system operators (TSOs), the TSCNET shareholders 50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT, and TransnetBW, together with 16 distribution system operators (DSOs) have launched the “Connect+” project to jointly implement the legal requirements of the German Grid Expansion Acceleration Act (Netzausbaubeschleunigungsgesetz – NABEG). The project is a reaction to the increased need for coordination due to the current legislative amendments and intended to facilitate a more transparent exchange of data between grid operators and market participants.

German legislation has specified that, in future, all facilities for the generation or storage of electrical energy with a nominal capacity of 100kW or more must be utilised to prevent foreseeable bottlenecks in the grid. The modified conditions for redispatch apply from 1 October 2021. As the present feed-in management of the grid operators only reacts to acute congestions, an even more intensive cooperation between TSOs and DSOs is required in the future.

The new processes to be developed and introduced within the time frame pose a challenge for all grid operators. In the “Connect+” project, TSOs and DSOs want to develop uniform solutions for data distribution to harmonise data exchange between market participants and operators for congestion management. In a first step, essential specifications such as interfaces and formats are developed and defined.

The four German TSOs and 16 DSOs launch the data exchange project “Connect+” for congestion management

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> See Amprion press release, in German (html)
> See TenneT press release, in German (html)
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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AI for decentralised grid stabilisation

06.06.2019

In a sustainable energy future, small decentralised plants such as combined heat and power (CHP) plants, heat pumps or biogas units must assume the role of stabilising the transmission system, a task which is nowadays mainly performed by large, centralised power plants. To investigate the technical feasibility of decentralised stabilisation options, TSCNET shareholder TenneT, the Dutch-German transmission system operator (TSO), the distribution system operator (DSO) Bayernwerk and Consolinno Energy GmbH have now jointly carried out a successful test in the southern part of the TenneT control area, the German federal state of Bavaria.

Since there is a vital public interest in such future-oriented technological solutions, the test was funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy in the framework of the research project “C/Sells” which is part of the innovation programme “Smart Energy Showcases. Digital Agenda for the Energy Transition” (“Schaufenster intelligente Energie. Digitale Agenda für die Energiewende” – SINTEG). During the test, at the request of TenneT, the feed-in of a CHP plant controlled by Consolinno and connected to the low and medium-voltage grid of Bayernwerk was increased in order to provide the grid with the electricity required for stabilisation in the event of a bottleneck.

What is new is that each plant autonomously determines its flexibility potential through artificial intelligence (AI). The respective potential of the individual plants can then be further aggregated by means of swarm intelligence. The plants are in normal marketing and operation mode and report free flexibility quantities to the grid operators. “In Bavaria alone there are several thousand CHP plants, heat pumps and biogas facilities, nationwide there are many thousands more. They can increase the flexibility of the energy system and thus contribute to a safe and decentralised energy system in Bavaria and Germany. David can thus become Goliath,” comments Tim Meyerjürgens, COO at TenneT. Also in several other cooperative pilot projects, the TSO is exploring the potential of decentralised flexibility.

TenneT has carried out a successful test on the deployment of small decentralised plants for grid stabilisation

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> See TenneT press release, in German (html)

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DA/RE enters pilot phase

02.04.2019

Following its launch in June 2018, the Baden-Württemberg grid security initiative “DA/RE” (“DAta exchange/REdispatch”) has entered the pilot phase on 1 April. The DA/RE initiators are TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, the German transmission system operator (TSO) from the state of Baden-Württemberg, and the southwest German distribution system operator (DSO) Netze BW with the support of the State Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector. Meanwhile, several grid and facility operators are involved and actively participating in the pilot phase.

DA/RE responds to the increasing volatility and decentralisation of power generation. By utilising the flexibility potential of decentralised plants from lower grid levels, the entire electricity system is intended to be stabilised. Basically, DA/RE is an IT platform, through which grid operators can obtain information on flexibility potentials and coordinatedly retrieve them. In the trial phase, scheduled to last until the end of September 2019, two essential modules for data exchange and coordination between grid and facility operators are to be tested.

With its wide range of decentralised systems, DA/RE adequately represents the current market for flexibility. “Together we can thus test the processes with different DSOs up to medium voltage level and provide the further course of the project with valuable experience,” explains Florian Gutekunst, DA/RE project manager at TransnetBW.

The DA/RE initiative for grid security initiated by TransnetBW is entering the pilot phase

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> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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TSO-DSO platform for congestion management

30.01.2019

Grid operators in the Netherlands and throughout Europe are working intensively on expanding grid capacity, which is urgently needed in the wake of energy transition and economic growth. However, this cannot be achieved in the short term, but the use of flexible electricity from the market can help to avoid anticipated grid congestions. GOPACS (“Grid Operators Platform for Congestion Solutions”) is the name of a new technological tool developed in the Netherlands for this purpose. It is the result of a unique, active collaboration between four Dutch distribution system operators (DSOs) and TSCNET shareholder TenneT, the Dutch-German transmission system operator (TSO).

GOPACS is not a market platform in its own right but uses orders on existing market platforms. And this is how it works: If congestion is foreseeable at some part of the grid, operators would like to see, for example, a reduction in production or an increase in consumption. Via GOPACS, an invitation to tender is sent to market participants concerned, who place an appropriate purchase order on a connected market platform. To avoid negative impacts on the balance of the national grid, the reduction of generation in the congestion area is combined with a contrary order from a market party outside this area. The price difference between the two orders is covered by the operators, the two orders are matched, and congestion is resolved.

The Dutch grid operators are currently looking for market players who want to participate and use their flexibility productively. Participation in GOPACS is interesting for any market party with the possibility to influence electricity consumption or generation and to provide this flexibility for trading.

Together with Dutch DSOs, TenneT has launched GOPACS, a smart platform for market players to solve grid congestions

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> See TenneT press release (html)
> Visit COPACS website (html)

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Smart TSO-DSO cooperation continues

24.10.2018

The energy transition entails many changes for the energy industry, such as the increasing generation of decentralised and volatile renewables, new actors on the market like aggregators, or the active role of customers ‒ all these developments require flexibility and pose a challenge for every player in the energy market, but above all for those responsible for a stable grid and a secure electricity supply: transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs) sharing similar obligations and interests.

To cope with the demanding future tasks, network operators need a common vision of active system management to increase the flexibility of transmission and distribution and to coordinate them closely. This is why ENTSO-E entered into an intensive cooperation with four associations representing European DSOs a few years ago, namely the European Distribution System Operators (EDSO) for Smart Grids, CEDEC, Eurelectric, and GEODE. A significant first step was the publication of a report on TSO-DSO data management on 19 September 2016.

By signing an updated Memorandum of Understanding on 23 October 2018, the partners expressed their commitment to maintain and enhance their collaboration. The focus is on measures to realise synergies in research, development and innovation, e.g. the exchange of data and information, the introduction of new communication devices and software, and the coordinated renewal of ageing grids. In addition, the TSOs and DSOs are also working together to implement network codes more efficiently. Further fields of cooperative activities will be defined at the beginning of 2019, taking into account the European Commission’s final Clean Energy Package.

ENTSO-E has signed an updated Memorandum of Understanding on close cooperation with four associations representing European DSOs

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> See ENTSO-E press release (html)

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DA/RE initiative for grid security

18.06.2018

Today’s energy system is increasingly characterised by decentralised power production and volatile feed-in of electricity. This substantially affects the operation of the electricity grids and poses additional challenges for those who control them: the transmission system operators (TSOs) and the distribution system operators (DSOs). TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, one of the four German TSOs, wants to explore innovative and cooperative approaches in order to make the grid and data flows smarter and thus ensure constant network security also in the new energy landscape.

Together with the southwest German DSO Netze BW, TransnetBW has launched an initiative that pursues two main targets: an efficient data exchange for grid security planning and coordinated redispatch performances on all grid levels. For this purpose, a digital platform is used that is accessible to all involved: TSOs, DSOs as well as plant operators. This open and integrated approach enables the use of plants and systems at distribution level for grid stabilisation measures at all levels. Via the platform, more facilities can be made available for redispatching which increases grid security.

The name of the new initiative derives directly from its purpose: DA/RE stands for “DAta exchange / REdispatch”, and at the same time it has to be understood literally: The DA/RE-partners are ready to take new and little trodden paths. Dr. Werner Götz, Chairman of the TransnetBW executive board, explains: “We no longer think of system security and system responsibility in the usual horizontal and exclusive TSO view, but across all network levels.” Preceded by a pilot phase from 2019, the initiators plan to implement the platform solution in 2021.

TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, one of the four German TSOs, launches DA/RE initiative for grid security together with German DSO NetzeBW.

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> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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Contriving the grid of the future

10.01.2018

The cooperation of transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution operators (DSOs) is an important issue in view of a future-proof, stable and dynamic grid management. Already in 2014, ten German DSOs and TSCNET shareholder 50Hertz, one of the four German TSOs, agreed on a ten-point programme for the further developement of system services. Now, 50Hertz and the DSOs are presenting an interim report comprising solutions and suggestions regarding four system services: Frequency stability, voltage stability, operational management, and re-establishment of supply.

In the future, decentralised generation will continue to increase in the course of the energy transition, and consumption will change significantly. This places new demands on the grid operators, especially in the control area of 50Hertz, where large amounts of wind energy are being produced. The innovative solutions developed by the partner companies require intensive TSO-DSO coordination. That is why a special training concept has also been conceived in order to convey appropriate specialist knowledge and to exemplify the necessary procedures.

> See 50Hertz press release, in German (html, with access to report)

Picture: 50Hertz

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Coupling of transmission and distribution data

20.09.2016

Due to the energy transition, the future EU electricity system will be characterised by a decentralised production of electricity, in large parts from renewable sources. Already now, with an increasing variability of electricity generation and distribution, the system is operated close to its limits. In order to meet future requirements, more systemical flexibility is indispensable. But flexibility has to be combined with system stability and supply security. Therefore the data management and the data exchange between transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs) need to be opitimised.

The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) has issued a report on TSO-DSO data management on 19 September 2016. The comprehensive documentation and collection of recommendations is a result of ENTSO-E’s close sooperation with four associations representing European DSOs (CEDEC, EDSO, EURELECTRIC and GEODE). The report benefits from the joint competences of the different partners who share their views on various aspects of data and information exchange. The collective effort also intends to stimulate a debate between the different participants of the electricity system like aggregators, retailers, traders, service providers or policy makers.

> See ENTSO-E press release (html)

Picture: Using illustration taken from ENTSO-E’s data management report (pdf)

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