Redispatch harmonisation in Germany

26.06.2020

Up until now, redispatch measures between the four German transmission system operators (TSOs) – 50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT, and TransnetBW – and the operators of power plants and storage facilities with a capacity of more than 10MW have been carried out on the basis of IT tools specific to the particular TSO control area. In order to align the individual procedures nationwide, the four TSCNET shareholders on 26 June successfully put the first component of their joint redispatch platform into operation, the “Redispatch Settlement Server” (“Redispatch-Abwicklungsserver” – RAS).

The German electricity market is increasingly characterised by volatile generation and RAS is an instrument to initiate redispatch measures both faster and more flexibly. With harmonised data formats and processes, the redispatch platform, of which the RAS is the first part, provides the basis for the integration of renewable energies into the existing redispatch processes, that is, for future-proof congestion management. In concrete terms, RAS allows TSO control centres to monitor and process all relevant power plant interventions. As a result, TSOs can coordinate their redispatch decisions and activities more efficiently. Moreover, the central management introduces frictionless settlement and transparency processes.

The second part of the redispatch platform is the “Redispatch Determination Server” (“Redispatch-Ermittlungsserver” – RES). RES will complement or replace existing forecasting tools for expectable grid situations such as imminent bottlenecks. It will identify those options for action that are compliant with the regulations and most cost-efficient. Based on RES calculations, TSOs can resolve both predicted and existing grid congestions more efficiently than today. RES is scheduled to go into operation in 2021.

The four German TSOs have succesfully launched RAS, a joint server for redispatch settlement

Linkup
> See 50Hertz press release (html)
> See Amprion press release, in German (html)
> See TenneT press release, in German (html)
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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DA/RE project: Redispatch 2.0

09.04.2020

The grid security initiative DA/RE (“DAta exchange/Redispatch”) was launched in summer 2018 by TransnetBW, the transmission system operator (TSO) from the south-western German state of Baden-Württemberg, and entered the pilot phase on 1 April 2019. The first retrievals of redispatch capacities were carried out in summer 2019 and now the pilot phase of the Baden-Württemberg grid project has been successfully concluded. Apart from TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, three distribution system operators (DSOs) and four other partners from the fields of virtual power plants, home storage, and energy trading were involved in the DA/RE pilot phase.

Like comparable projects, DA/RE responds to the increasing volatility and decentralisation of electricity generation. In order to stabilise the entire electricity system in the future, DA/RE intends to facilitate the transition from the current redispatch with centralised large-scale power plants to new processes involving the flexibility potential of smaller decentralised generation plants and storage facilities. In the pilot phase, the DA/RE partners have achieved their first project goal: Processes for the coordinated retrieval of redispatch power from the distribution grid over several voltage levels have been developed and successfully tested in practice. The entire process chain from the exchange of planning data via DA/RE internal processes with merit-order based plant selection up to the activation of the physical plant retrieval was tested in three steps. A total of 40 plants of different technologies with rated outputs between 3kW and 30MW were involved.

Key assumptions corroborated
In the pilot phase, the coordinated redispatch retrieval was verified across all voltage levels and the basic functionality of the DA/RE concept was confirmed. With the experience and findings gained from this, the final DA/RE platform is now being developed, for which uniform processes and interfaces to automate the process steps will be defined. This will ensure the scalability and mass suitability of the system and simplify the integration of smaller grid and plant operators.

The two DA/RE project managers, Florian Gutekunst from TransnetBW and Kilian Geschermann from the DSO Netze BW, describe DA/RE as an open project: “We are looking forward to involving further interested parties from the ranks of grid and plant operators as fellow campaigners. We are all facing growing challenges due to the transformation of the generation landscape; together we can find smart solutions and better meet the challenges.”

The pilot phase of the DA/RE project for smart decentralised redispatch solutions has successfully been concluded

Linkup
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)
> Visit DA/RE website, in German (html)

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DA/RE project: first retrievals of redispatch capacities

11.07.2019

The Baden-Württemberg grid security initiative “DA/RE” (“DAta exchange/REdispatch”) addresses the increasing volatility and decentralisation of power generation. The aim is to stabilise the entire electricity system by utilising the flexibility potential of decentralised generation units from lower grid levels. Originally launched in the summer of 2018 by TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, the German transmission system operator (TSO) from the state of Baden-Württemberg, and the southwest German distribution system operator (DSO) Netze BW, the project consortium was later expanded so that a total of three DSOs and four other partners from the areas of virtual power plants, home storage and energy trading were involved in the first DA/RE pilot phase from April to June 2019.

During this phase, the participants have defined and developed the method of data exchange and coordination. Following this successful implementation process, the first retrievals from pilot plants in the distribution network for redispatch purposes have now been initiated. Capacities were retrieved from battery home storage facilities, several biogas plants, a waste incineration plant and a cogeneration plant. The tests therefore involved both medium-voltage and low-voltage systems and the project partners have demonstrated that it is possible and important to make use of all flexibilities at all voltage levels for grid stabilisation.

“The retrievals from systems in the distribution network constitute a significant milestone for us, as they show that the concept is feasible and we are now able to gain initial experience in terms of practical suitability,” explains DA/RE project manager Florian Gutekunst from TransnetBW. The second stage of the pilot phase has thus begun. Further retrievals are now being carried out and various application cases are being tested. In concrete terms, the issue is how grid operators can trigger the retrieval of redispatch measures in a coordinated manner and how the information chain should be designed in order to guarantee all parties involved at all voltage levels complete transparency about the retrieval and the capacity provided. In the following third step, the retrievals are to be automated and the corresponding data paths implemented.

First retrievals of redispatch capacities have been carried out in the pilot phase of the DA/RE project (picture showing a scene from electricity trading: Next Kraftwerke)

Linkup
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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Connect+ for data exchange

14.06.2019

The four German transmission system operators (TSOs), the TSCNET shareholders 50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT, and TransnetBW, together with 16 distribution system operators (DSOs) have launched the “Connect+” project to jointly implement the legal requirements of the German Grid Expansion Acceleration Act (Netzausbaubeschleunigungsgesetz – NABEG). The project is a reaction to the increased need for coordination due to the current legislative amendments and intended to facilitate a more transparent exchange of data between grid operators and market participants.

German legislation has specified that, in future, all facilities for the generation or storage of electrical energy with a nominal capacity of 100kW or more must be utilised to prevent foreseeable bottlenecks in the grid. The modified conditions for redispatch apply from 1 October 2021. As the present feed-in management of the grid operators only reacts to acute congestions, an even more intensive cooperation between TSOs and DSOs is required in the future.

The new processes to be developed and introduced within the time frame pose a challenge for all grid operators. In the “Connect+” project, TSOs and DSOs want to develop uniform solutions for data distribution to harmonise data exchange between market participants and operators for congestion management. In a first step, essential specifications such as interfaces and formats are developed and defined.

The four German TSOs and 16 DSOs launch the data exchange project “Connect+” for congestion management

Linkup
> See Amprion press release, in German (html)
> See TenneT press release, in German (html)
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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ČEPS and SEPS to participate in IPDE

05.06.2019

The International Phasor Data Exchange (IPDE) platform is a multinational project to facilitate and optimise the exchange of operational data within the European interconnected transmission system. More specifically, these data derive from time-synchronous voltage, current phasor and frequency measurements which are collected and used in Wide Area Monitoring Systems (WAMS). IPDE is now making significant progress as the two TSCNET shareholder ČEPS and SEPS, the Czech and Slovak transmission system operators (TSO) respectively, have signed an agreement on participating in the platform.

Martin Durčák, Chair of the Board of Directors of ČEPS, comments that the “participation in the platform is another of our continual steps in the introduction of technological innovations and shift towards a digitally managed and controlled grid”. Miroslav Obert, CEO of SEPS, complements: “The project we are undertaking in collaboration with our Czech partners ensures method simplification and uniformity of phasor data exchanges between individual TSOs.”

ČEPS and SEPS have signed an agreement to participate in the IPDE Data Exchange platform

Linkup
> See ČEPS press release (html)
> See SEPS press release, in Slovak (html)

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DA/RE enters pilot phase

02.04.2019

Following its launch in June 2018, the Baden-Württemberg grid security initiative “DA/RE” (“DAta exchange/REdispatch”) has entered the pilot phase on 1 April. The DA/RE initiators are TSCNET shareholder TransnetBW, the German transmission system operator (TSO) from the state of Baden-Württemberg, and the southwest German distribution system operator (DSO) Netze BW with the support of the State Ministry of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector. Meanwhile, several grid and facility operators are involved and actively participating in the pilot phase.

DA/RE responds to the increasing volatility and decentralisation of power generation. By utilising the flexibility potential of decentralised plants from lower grid levels, the entire electricity system is intended to be stabilised. Basically, DA/RE is an IT platform, through which grid operators can obtain information on flexibility potentials and coordinatedly retrieve them. In the trial phase, scheduled to last until the end of September 2019, two essential modules for data exchange and coordination between grid and facility operators are to be tested.

With its wide range of decentralised systems, DA/RE adequately represents the current market for flexibility. “Together we can thus test the processes with different DSOs up to medium voltage level and provide the further course of the project with valuable experience,” explains Florian Gutekunst, DA/RE project manager at TransnetBW.

The DA/RE initiative for grid security initiated by TransnetBW is entering the pilot phase

Linkup
> See TransnetBW press release, in German (html)

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TSOs release data under open license

03.02.2019

The European power transmission system operators (TSOs), represented by the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSOE), have agreed on a new data policy for the reuse of TSO owned data. This new policy implies that the TSOs release their data on ENTSO-E’s Transparency Platform under an open data licence.

This allows TSO data to be easily reused for new services, research and applications, such as the “Wind Europe Map” and “Tomorrow’s Electricity Map” – just two examples of how the open TSO data can be used to better inform citizens about energy transition and to develop new services and transparency in general. The TSOs and ENTSO-E thus demonstrate their commitment to providing sound and reusable facts and figures to energy market players and the public.

The European TSOs have agreed to release their data on ENTSO-Es Transparency Platform under an open license

Linkup
> Open example file
> See ENTSO-E press release (html)
> Visit ENTSO-E’s Transparency Platform (html)

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Smart TSO-DSO cooperation continues

24.10.2018

The energy transition entails many changes for the energy industry, such as the increasing generation of decentralised and volatile renewables, new actors on the market like aggregators, or the active role of customers ‒ all these developments require flexibility and pose a challenge for every player in the energy market, but above all for those responsible for a stable grid and a secure electricity supply: transmission system operators (TSOs) and distribution system operators (DSOs) sharing similar obligations and interests.

To cope with the demanding future tasks, network operators need a common vision of active system management to increase the flexibility of transmission and distribution and to coordinate them closely. This is why ENTSO-E entered into an intensive cooperation with four associations representing European DSOs a few years ago, namely the European Distribution System Operators (EDSO) for Smart Grids, CEDEC, Eurelectric, and GEODE. A significant first step was the publication of a report on TSO-DSO data management on 19 September 2016.

By signing an updated Memorandum of Understanding on 23 October 2018, the partners expressed their commitment to maintain and enhance their collaboration. The focus is on measures to realise synergies in research, development and innovation, e.g. the exchange of data and information, the introduction of new communication devices and software, and the coordinated renewal of ageing grids. In addition, the TSOs and DSOs are also working together to implement network codes more efficiently. Further fields of cooperative activities will be defined at the beginning of 2019, taking into account the European Commission’s final Clean Energy Package.

ENTSO-E has signed an updated Memorandum of Understanding on close cooperation with four associations representing European DSOs

Linkup
> See ENTSO-E press release (html)

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Wind data for smart grid control

25.09.2018

The volatility associated with the generation of renewable energy is a well-known side effect of the energy transition, which has not made it any easier for transmission system operators (TSOs) to constantly maintain grid stability and supply security. The adaptation of the transmission grid to the requirements of the new energy landscape is progressing more slowly than the expansion of renewable energies themselves and grid overloads are therefore a common consequence. In such cases, renewable power generation must be throttled, resulting in the loss of valuable (and green) energy capacities.

In order to avoid this and also to reduce costly interventions, TSCNET shareholder TenneT, the Dutch-German TSO, and Statkraft, Europe’s largest generator of renewable energy, are investigating in a joint pilot project how the grid can be better and smarter controlled. Specifically, the two partners want to find out how TenneT can progressively exploit the feed-in forecasts of Statkraft’s northern German wind farms for intelligent grid control. The data obtained improves the calculation of grid utilisation and thus enables the TSO to identify and eliminate possible congestions at an early stage. In a second step, the direct control of wind turbines by TenneT will be tested in order to relieve grid bottlenecks.

“Every day we eliminate bottlenecks in the power grid with hundreds of interventions in conventional and renewable generation. To ensure that we only intervene as much as necessary, it is important for us to have direct access to wind turbines so that we can control them in bottleneck situations,” explains Lex Hartman, executive board member at TenneT. The smart grid initiative of TenneT and Statkraft is part of the consortium project “NEW 4.0 ‒ Norddeutsche EnergieWende” (“Northern German Energy Transition”) funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic affairs and Energy as part of the promotion programme “Schaufenster intelligente Energie ‒ Digitale Energiewende” (“Showcase Intelligent Energy – Digital Energy Transition”).

TenneT cooperates with the energy group Statkraft on a pilot project for smart grid control utilising wind data

Linkup
> See TenneT press release, in German (html)

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CGM methodology framework concluded

03.07.2018

Good news comes from the methodologies drafting team of the Common Grid Model (CGM) Programme under the supervision of the European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E): Two additional methodologies have been approved by all the relevant national regulatory authorities. This means that the methodological framework for the CGM process has been completed.

In order to create an integrated European energy market, the European Commission has established guidelines on electricity transmission system operation in various Commission Regulations. All European transmission system operators (TSOs) are obliged to prepare and implement a CGM methodology. The joint TSO proposal on the last two CGM methodologies has been openly consulted in late 2017 and then been submitted to the authorities. Formal approvals at the respective national levels are still pending and are expected in September 2018.

The framework now consists of five methodologies (CGMM-v1-plus, CGMM-v2-plus, CGMM-v3, GLDPM-v1, and GLDPM-v2) covering technologically significant aspects such as capacity allocation, congestion management and forward capacity allocation. The GGM methodologies in their entirety ensure that each TSO involved has access to all the necessary data to build its individual grid model.

The framework for the Common Grid Model Methodology with five methodologies is completed.

Linkup
> See ENTSO-E press release (html, with access to relevant documents)

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